November 26, 2021

Research & Development - Amended Design (NEW)

  1. What is it? What does it do? The co-owned
  2. What are the questions this work is asking? What new knowledge are you creating? The monitoring of underwater infrastructures are often costly and limited in the context of small scale - low budget implementation. This design attempts to offer an automated farming system that efficient
  3. How are you going to test your assumptions? Comprehensive research have been carried out, and similar concepts are being investigated. miniature model of the floating platform was built with timber sticks and high-density foam.
  4. How to maintain your device? The design in theory is easy to maintain, however may be costly. The gantry can disassemble outdated parts can be changed with little effort.
  5. What do you think are the strongest and the weakest points in your project now? The design offers comprehensive, research integrated farming opportunities. Weak points can be identified as 1.) large scale structure that may be hard to navigate in shallow water
  6. What construction technique are you using? Steel construction tensile structure, offering a long lasting and reliable structure.

User, community

  1. Who uses it? Can you draw a particular user? Can you describe to me that user, how they look, your assumption on their backgrounds, abilities, preferences, and what drives them?

The users can be classified into researchers and farmers. Researchers can utilize the labs offered by the platform, the proximity with the ocean allows more comprehensive and successful research. Farmers on the other hand can only pay rent to use the amazing farming abilities that the design offer. Farming oysters with this design will be more reliable, predictable and effortless.


  1. What are the benefits users can get from the device?
  2. What problems does your design cause? My design will not cost any major problems.
  3. How do you operate and maintain this installation? The operation of the floating platform is automated. The censors allows the design to have predictive maintenance
  4. How do people get on board? The device can be attached to a boat, thus people can get on board in any peris
  5. How much weight can you carry? The design can carries enormous amount of weight
  6. How to maximum efficiency and convenience for the user? Maximum efficiency and convenience is the fundamental design objective of the design
  7. Are there simpler ways to achieve the objective? Yes but however it will not be as efficient as a collectively managed and automated operated farm
  8. Are there other possible use for clean seawater filtered by oysters?
  9. How long will it be in the water? Any duration

Health & Safety

  1. Is it stable? Safe? ship survivability? Due to scale of it, the design is relatively stable. Lifeboats are attached on the platform.
  2. Is the device safe and environmental friendly to the ocean. Although constructed with steel, the design is entirely electricity powered. Electricity can be obtained with the PV panels attached on the roof the it.

Materials, process, scale

  1. What is the scale and materials? Where and how is it built? Where do the materials come from? Where do the materials go after it’s used/broken? Steel used in the construction of the platform is recycled. Using steel means that the material can be infinitely recycled.
  2. What materials would you use? Where do you source it? Once used, where does it go? Recycle steel will be carefully sourced, once used and discarded, the steel will be recycled and the melt and remold for other uses.
  3. is it recyclable? Yes
  4. How long does the project take to be complete: build, bring on site and board? Since the design consists of large steel structures, a gantry, and many other high tech gadgets, the construction of it will not be short, and will take place in ship building factories. Once built, the platform will be released from ship factory, and it will be tolled to open sea areas.
  5. How to mass produce the device? The platform can be mass produced if there are enough investors. If mass produced, the cost will be greatly reduced, ultimately benefiting all of the stakeholders, the investors, researchers and farmers.

Energy, Waste

  1. Where does the installation get its energy from? renewable energy sources such as solar energy. That can be achieved by installing sufficient solar panels on the roof of it.
  2. Is it sustainable and how? The platform itself in terms of construction, is a steel structure with fair amount of embodied carbon. However, its operation will not only benefit the marine farming industry (farmers who own a share of slot/ operation) but also the marine ecology.


  1. Is your installation amicable to all marine lives? Yes, it is also a fundamental concept of the design. The vertical farm aims to hosts shellfish, fish and algae together. It will create biodiverse
  2. How does it work? Especially the biology of it? The trio, oyster, fish and algae is a winning combination. Fish waste feeds algae while oysters feed on algae.
  3. Which other species will naturally be attracted to the oyster reef there, such as crabs, fish, mussels, algae and other species?


  1. Where do you think this installation would be? Choose a very specific site in Hong Kong waters. Why there? Tell me the characteristics of the place: water depth, tide, current, wave, closest port, fauna and flora, people and industries nearby. The device is perfect to be put in the waters of the lau fou shan area. The area is famed for its oyster industry. The device can monitor water quality and other essential data. The device can also monitor the growth of the oysters.
  2. Will it be influenced by the weather condition? Yes it will.
  3. Does your device perform differently when in different geographic environments(for instance, near shore, in shallow water, and in distant seawater)? In shallow water, the vertical farm will be folded. IF the farm is not loaded, it can be disassembled. Once in deep water, the vertical farm will be unfolded, and can expand/contract according to the water depth of its path.


  1. Is it cost-effective? yes
  2. Is it possible to be mass-produced? Yes when there is enough investors
  3. What is the product / outcome of this installation? Who benefits from it? What is the business model of this? The outcome of the installation will allow deeper understanding of the regional waters. Such data are crucial for growing healthy and sustainable oyster reefs. It will also be one of the first consolidated, high density vertical farm that cultivated with more than two species.

problem: The oyster farming (marine Farming) industry in hong kong is decaying. Farmers do not have sufficient equipment's for continuous monitoring of farms, resulting a lack of information for optimized farming.

question: an automated farming system with continuous monitoring; densified and expands vertically. Nomadic to exploits the benefits of farming in deeper and less polluted water.

hypothesis : An automated farming device that is equipped with multiple censors, connected with big data, that can notify farmers when there are incidents that matters to their farms, thereby allowing farmers to react swiftly. A system that expands accordingly, yet allows the mothership to return to shallow waters.