SIT USI “Domestic Hydrogen Adoption in Singapore”

Blog, Research Notes, References

Blog, Research Notes, References

Experiment in Hong Kong with oysters farmers


Experiment in Bali with fisherfolks


Presentation by Cesar making the case for Indonesia

The case for Singapore

In small, resource-scarce Singapore, renewable energy options such as wind and hydroelectric power are limited. But the island’s high average annual solar irradiance makes solar energy the most viable source of clean energy. To overcome our small size and lack of resources, and achieve our emission reduction goals, Singapore must also innovate and use technology extensively. PM LEE HSIEN LOONG AT THE VIRTUAL LEADERS SUMMIT ON CLIMATE IN APRIL 2021
Due to land constraints, solar PV systems have been installed on rooftops all over the country. And now, Singapore’s large bodies of water, such as reservoirs, can serve the dual purpose of water catchment and electricity generation. Said PUB chief executive Ng Joo Hee: “With this floating solar power plant, which we believe to be one of the largest in the world, PUB takes a big step towards enduring energy sustainability in water treatment. Solar energy is plentiful, clean and green, and is key to reducing PUB’s and also Singapore’s carbon footprint.” If the 2030 goal is reached, solar energy could power about 350,000 households. This is in line with Singapore’s target to halve its 2030 peak emissions by 2050, and achieve net zero emissions “as soon as viable” in the second half of the century.

New harbour craft have to run on electricity or be ready for greener fuels from 2030


Crafting questions, collecting data

(From the google doc draft)

For this research grant, we will some technical STEM research:

  • Build small prototypes of hydrogen production (floating solar hydrogen device including electrolyser)
  • Build small prototypes of hydrogen storage (low pressure “balloon”)
  • Build small prototypes of hydrogen conversion (fuel cell) that we can use to produce electricity to power light and electronic devices
  • Build small prototypes of hydrogen burning (gas burner) to cook food in a domestic environment.
  • Build small prototypes of hydrogen powered mobility device (electric bicycle)

And also non-technical research

  • What do they know about hydrogen, and what is the perception of hydrogen for everyday Singaporean?
  • How willing would they be to use hydrogen in their everyday life? For electricity? For gas cooking? For mobility?
  • What is their perception of hydrogen for industrial and professional applications?
  • What connection do they see between hydrogen and global warming?

We intend to build several physical prototypes and allow everyday Singaporeans to test these technology. The research will be as much as exploring the technical potential of hydrogen in Singapore as it is to understand the drivers of perception about the technology.

Applications of Hydrogen

Applications of Hydrogen

Similar experiments abroad

Demographics Suggestion

  • Survey (this course): Target the Punggol households. Singapore families.
  • Grant Research: Keylang


  1. Ask preliminary questions (baseline)
  2. Demo of the physical prototype
  3. Talk about the uses
  4. Ask a closing question.

Data: raising awareness of hydrogen

USI Submissions

  1. Team Submission Plan
  2. A1 Posters
    1. Problem statement
    2. Process
    3. Ground sensing
    4. Ideas
    5. Conclusion, recommendation
  3. Short team video, doing ground work

Whatsapp group to chat with Prof Cesar


Grant Application Document