"Environmental Security, Policy"



  1. Is the Hong Kong aware of the long term climate challenges and are we taking adequate measures today?
  2. Can you define what a resilient society is?
  3. What happens when China runs low on water and sea level rises?
  4. In what kind of future is the HK government investing in?
  5. In the face of rapid change where do you see leadership emerge from?
  6. How can students become leaders in Hong Kong's sustainable development?


Kim Salkeld, former head of the HKSAR Efficiency Unit

Kim was Hong Kong SAR Environmental Secretary and the Head of the Efficiency Unit, which started as the think tank addressing sweeping government reforms. The unit eventually merged with the consultation agency, broadening its capacities and taking on the role of an innovation lab. Salkeld’s unit is changing its approach to drive greater innovation across government, pushing for automation, clearer communication, and more contemporary urban solutions, using big data to demonstrate the need for change.

Sam Inglis, Glaciologist

Sam is a researcher and geoscientist who has worked for a number of NGOs and academic institutions, focusing on environmental issues throughout Asia. He was employed by ADM Capital Foundation from 2016 to 2019, most recently as Environment Research Manager, overseeing projects on water security and wildlife crime. He obtained an MSc from the University of Exeter, UK, in 2013, with his research focusing on changing dynamics of the cryosphere and the impacts on societies in Asia and South America.

Questions from students

  1. How do you deal with ecoanxiety?
  2. As we've seen for now, it is extremely difficult for a government to implement environmentally friendly policies due to lots of limitations, let alone for countries to cooperate. Is it really possible to alleviate environmental problems?
  3. Form the ngo/ government point of view, what thoughts do you have on mass environmental movements like fridays for future and extinction rebellion?
  4. Will it be particularly difficult when trying to run environmental-friendly projects in USA when President Trump claims that global warming is just a myth?
  5. Many actions has been done as attempts to raise public awareness about waste management and water supply, however, as the general public are used to their consuming habits, the situation does not seem to improving. What can be done in the future (movements/policies/technologies) to facilitate changes?
  6. How do political structures affect environmental decisions of countries? (like developed regions would tend to promote environmental sustainability)
  7. In terms of water supply, considering that different countries have different amounts of water resources, how can they be divided fairly amongst the world population? Living in Sweden, I have never known the population here to worry about water, as there seems to be an excess that will never run out (which of course might not be true). But seeing cities like Cape Town, South Africa, talk about day zero etc, could these issues be alleviated through distribution from more water-rich regions in an effective manner?
  8. What could non-profit organizations do to help with the current situation?
  9. Some researches found waste treatments like recycling plastics creates more waste like water or energy, should we still recycle? What should we do?
  10. should bussiness accept everything if the decision to save environment worse off their situation? (in terms of business profit etc)?
  11. what are ways for NGOs to effectively communicate to the public?
  12. Also, how can we effectively implement regulations on water use and that of other resources in liberal countries where the population may react negatively to constraints imposed on them by the government?
  13. What do the speakers think about degrowth? Is it too politically impossible?
  14. What do you think about the effectiveness of the international agreements like Paris Agreement and Kyoto Protocol in dealing with climate change?
  15. In what extent of regulation should the government do to attain environmental sustainability?